# Types of betting

In games with a fixed limit, the big blind is equal to the small bet, and the small blind is usually half the size of the big blind, but may be larger depending on the bets. For example, in a game with a fixed limit of \$ 2 / \$ 4, the small blind is \$ 1, and the big blind is \$ 2. In a game with a fixed limit of \$ 15 / \$ 30, the small blind is \$ 10 and the big blind is \$ 15.

In games with pot-limit and no-limit, the blinds are indicated in the name of the game (for example, at the \$ 1 / \$ 2 hold’em table, the small blind is \$ 1 and the big blind is \$ 2).

In some cases, players must also bet ante (another type of mandatory bet, which is usually less than both blinds and is placed by all players).

After that, each player receives two cards face down. Players make their moves in a clockwise order, starting from the player in the “under the gun” position. This is the position of the first player to sit clockwise from the big blind.

## Player Actions

In Hold’em, as in most other types of poker, a player can fold, bet (bet), call or raise. The availability of certain actions depends on the actions of previous players. If no one has placed a bet before you, then you can place a bet or play a check (refuse the bet, but not fold the cards). If one of the players has made a bet, subsequent players may fold, call or raise. “Calling” means placing the number of chips in the bank necessary to equalize the bet of the previous player. “Raise” means to put in the pot the number of chips that exceeds the bet of the previous player.

## Pre-flop

After the players have received their hole cards, each of them can continue to play by calling or raising the big blind. The player to the left of the big blind goes first. He can fold, call or raise. For example, if the big blind is \$ 2, then a call involves adding \$ 2 to the pot, and a raise of at least \$ 4. After that, the move proceeds to the next player clockwise.

Note. In different types of poker, the trading structure may vary. You can find out more about rates in hold’em with a fixed limit, no limit or with a pot limit below on this page.

Each round of trading continues until all active players (who have not made a fold) make equal bets to the bank.

## Flop

Now three cards are dealt face up on the board. They are called a “flop.” In hold’em, three flop cards are common cards that are available to all players who continue to play in this hand. Flop bets start with the active player clockwise from the button. Players can use the same actions as on the pre-flop, however, if no one has made bets before, the player can check by passing the move to the next clockwise player.

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